What are Human Rights?

Human rights are not basic rights. They are fundamental rights that individuals possess simply because they are humans. History showed how important they were, and it is undeniable that they still carry a lot of importance. 

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Human Rights in Mauritius

Over the years, Mauritius has had many initiatives to promote and enforce human rights. However, human rights issues persist, suggesting that more effort is needed. This article explains the situation of human rights in Mauritius.

Mauritius has the necessary national and international legislative structure to protect human rights since it has ratified most of the United Nations’ treaties and conventions. Ratifying treaties and conventions represent a big step for a country, showing its support and willingness to promote human rights within its territory because of the legal obligation it implies. Examples of core conventions that Mauritius ratified are the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and others. All this is to say that Mauritius has never failed to show its interest in human rights and the well-being of its population. Of course, some acts passed in parliament also help to enforce human rights.

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Towards a Resilient Future for All: World Population Day 2022

World Population Day, which seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues, was established by the then-Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989, an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987. The theme of World Population Day 2022 is “A world of 8 billion: Towards a resilient future for all – Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all”.

In 2011, the world reached a population of 7 billion. This year, the number will hit 8 billion, prompting the attendant responses. Some will marvel at the advancements in health that have extended lifespans, reduced maternal mortality and child mortality and given rise to vaccine development in record time. Others will tout technological innovations that have eased our lives and connected us more than ever. Still, others will herald gains in gender equality. 

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24 January: Mauritius celebrates International Day of Education 2021

The right to education is enshrined in article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The declaration calls for free and compulsory elementary education. The Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989, goes further to stipulate that countries shall make higher education accessible to all.

When it adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in September 2015, the international community recognized that education is essential for the success of all 17 of its goals. Sustainable Development Goal 4, in particular, aims to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all” by 2030.

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